When Volcanoes Become Angry
Airfare Daily Deals eCigarettes Eyeglasses Hotels Jewelry Online Backup Online Dating Online Printing Online Tickets Skin Care Textbook Rentals Vitamins Web Hosting Weddings
Find thousands of shopping-related forums
SEARCH

When Volcanoes Become Angry

One of the most popular of all tales concerning the loss of the mysterious continent is Atlantis. Since ancient times, men have wondered stories of the advanced and cultured civilization which one unfortunate day, was destroyed and submerged into the water of the Atlantic Ocean but recent research shows that the legend of Atlantis may well have a basis in fact. It is not only the island which some day in the past was completely destroyed by a volcanic eruption but it is also regarded by historians as a mere story. In about 1470 B.C. a volcano on the site of the present island of Santorin, in the Aegean Sea, blew itself to pieces. This explosion caused the island of Thira to submerge and disappear into the sea, while giant tidal waves damaged many of the ancient cities on the island of Crete, among them Knossus, which stood more than 80 miles from the spot of the explosion. Volcanic ash from Santorin has been found 400 miles away.

One of the most popular of all tales concerning the loss of the mysterious continent is Atlantis. Since ancient times, men have wondered stories of the advanced and cultured civilization which one unfortunate day, was destroyed and submerged into the water of the Atlantic Ocean but recent research shows that the legend of Atlantis may well have a basis in fact.

It is not only the island which some day in the past was completely destroyed by a volcanic eruption but it is also regarded by historians as a mere story. In about 1470 B.C. a volcano on the site of the present island of Santorin, in the Aegean Sea, blew itself to pieces. This explosion caused the island of Thira to submerge and disappear into the sea, while giant tidal waves damaged many of the ancient cities on the island of Crete, among them Knossus, which stood more than 80 miles from the spot of the explosion. Volcanic ash from Santorin has been found 400 miles away.

Enormous quantities of rock were thrown high into the sky and, after the dust had settled, Thira had vanished. In its place was a huge undersea crater, or caldera, seven miles in diameter. It has caused many historians to draw the conclusion that this disaster was responsible for the Great Flood mentioned in the Bible (the great flood in Noah’s time). Indonesia is well known for its great number of volcanoes. In historical times, half of the 170 volcanoes in this country have erupted, some of them several times. One of the greatest eruptions was explosion of Mount Tambora with terrible violence in 1815, on the island of Sumbawa.

The eruption is so great so that the mountain submerged about 1,200 meters in three days. Scientists have estimated that the internal pressure that caused Tambora to blow its top must have 125 thousand tons per square centimeters. Probably the best-known volcanic eruption occurred at four minutes to three in the morning (Greenwich Mean Time) of 27th August, 1883 in Indonesia was Krakatoa on the Sunda Street, between Sumatra and Java.

Krakatoa in Indonesia

There had been small explosions for several hours, but the climax was enormous in its power. Experts have calculated that it was 30 times of the biggest hydrogen bomb and remember that Krakatoa’s eruption had only one quarter of Santorin’s power. The violence caused a part of the island collapsed and enabled the sea to pour into the huge crater of melting rock. It is said that the sound of the main eruption was the loudest ever heard. It could be heard 3,000 miles away, more than twice the distance from London to Moscow. Strangely enough, the eruption killed comparatively few people and it caused an enormous tidal wave.

The shock wave in the air travelled several times around the eruption of Krakatoa was into the atmosphere hung there, in some cases, for several years. The only beneficial result from the eruption of Krakatoa was the appearance of some of the most beautiful views the world has ever seen, caused by the red clouds of volcanic dust. It is said that the views looked like beautiful sunsets. One type of eruption known as the “Pelean” occurs when a jet of very hot steam and liquid rock is fired up from the side of a volcano. This happened in 1902 concerning Mont Palee on the island of Martinique, which belongs to the Caribbean group of islands.

Mount Tambora in Indonesia

There had been warnings of trouble when the earth began to shake. On the morning of 8th May, Fernand Clerc, a plantation manager on the island, got up early and saw that the needle of his barometer was trembling violently. He woke his family up and they hurriedly left St. Pierre amid the mocking laughter of the other townspeople.

It was the Clerc family who lived while everyone else died. When the cloud of burning air, gas and rock particles, at temperatures of between 450 and 1,000 degrees Celsius, burst through the town, it was travelling at speed of at least 200 miles per hour. Every single man, woman, child and animal died instantly, except one, he was a prisoner who had been sentenced for life. The heat of the air burned their lungs. St. Pierre and its 30,000 inhabitants were totally destroyed.

The sea boiled and ships were burned in the harbor. One hundred and fifty miles away, on Barbados Island, about two million tons of volcanic dust fell. All glass melted and a statue of the Virgin Mary, weighing three tons, was thrown 15 meters through the air. The destructions were total and absolute. This dreadful disaster had one good result. It shocked men into an awareness of the wonderful power of a volcano, and it was responsible for establishment of volcanology as an important branch of geological science.

Need an answer?
Get insightful answers from community-recommended
experts
in Geology & Plate Tectonics on Knoji.
Would you recommend this author as an expert in Geology & Plate Tectonics?
You have 0 recommendations remaining to grant today.
Comments (1)

Thanks. : )

ARTICLE DETAILS
RELATED ARTICLES
ARTICLE KEYWORDS