How about knowing the top 10 deepest oceans and seas? Know the deepest trench, deepest place on earth, mariana trench, pacific ocean, ring of fire, atlantic ocean, indian ocean, caribbean sea, sea of japan, gulf of mexico, mediterranean sea, calypso deep, bering sea, submarine canyons, south china sea, black sea and much more.
There are lots of oceans and seas around the world. Some are deep while some are shallow. Here is a list of top 10 deepest oceans and seas on basis of their average depth along with some interesting facts about these deepest oceans and seas.
1. Pacific Ocean: Pacific Ocean leads the list of deepest oceans in the earth with an average depth of 3,939 meters. Some interesting facts about the deepest ocean, Pacific Ocean includes:
a.Pacific Ocean is the largest division of World Oceans with an area of 169.2 million square kilometers.
b.Mariana Trench is the deepest point in Pacific Ocean with a depth of 10,911 meters.
c.Chains of mountains that are submerging from the ocean floor are referred to as seamount chains. Pacific Ocean has lots of seamount chains that are formed by hotspot volcanism; the famous "Ring of Fire" is in Pacific Ocean.
2. Indian Ocean: Indian Ocean is the second deepest oceans when average depth is taken as the basis. The average depth of Indian Ocean is 3,840 meters. Interesting facts about Indian Ocean:
a.The volume of Indian Ocean is 292,131,000 cubic kilometers.
b.The warmest ocean in the world is the Indian Ocean.
c.Indian Ocean is the youngest ocean among the major oceans in the world.
3. Atlantic Ocean: Atlantic Ocean takes the third place among deepest oceans with an average depth of 3,575 meters. Few interesting facts about Atlantic Ocean are:
a.Atlantic Ocean is the second largest oceanic divisions with an area of 106,400,000 square kilometers.
b.The greatest depth of Atlantic Ocean is in the "Puerto Rico Trench" with a depth of 8,605 meters.
c.Atlantic Ocean is the next youngest ocean to Indian Ocean among the major oceans in the world.
4. Caribbean Sea: Caribbean Sea takes the next spot with an average depth of 2,575 meters. Caribbean Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean. Few interesting facts about Caribbean Sea are:
a.Caribbean Sea is one of the largest salt water seas covering an area of 2,754,000 square kilometers.
b.Cayman Trough is the deepest sea point with a depth of 7,686 meters.
c.The two famous oceanic trenches of Caribbean Sea are "The Hispaniola Trench" and "The Puerto Rico Trench."
5. Sea of Japan: This Sea takes the fifth spot in the list of deepest oceans and seas with an average depth of 1,666 meters.
a.Sea of Japan does not have any tides and this characteristic is very similar to the Mediterranean Sea.
b.Sea of Japan is connected to other seas by 5 shallow straits. They are Strait of Tartary, La Perouse Strait, Tsugaru Strait, Kanmon Straits, and the Korean Strait.
c.Sea of Japan has 3 major basis; namely, Yamato basin, Japan basin and Tsushima basin.
Aditional information about Sea of Japan: There exists a naming dispute. Japanese claim that the name "Sea of Japan" was commonly adapted in the 19th century while the Koreans claim that the name changed only in the 20th century; North Korea want "Sea of Japan" to be named as "East Sea of Korea" while the South Korea propose "East Sea."
6. Gulf of Mexico: Gulf of Mexico has an average depth of 1,614 meters.
a.Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest water body in the world.
b.The deepest point is the "Sigsbee Deep" at 4,384 meter.
c.The seven main areas of Gulf of Mexico are Gulf of Mexico Basin, Northeast Gulf of Mexico, South Florida Continental Shelf and Slope, Campeche Bank, Bay of Campeche, Western Gulf of Mexico and Northwest Gulf of Mexico.
7. Mediterranean Sea: Mediterranean Sea is the next deepest sea in this list of top 10 deepest oceans and seas with an average depth of 1,501 meters.
a.The deepest point is the "Calypso Deep" at 5,627 meters.
b.Mediterranean Sea got its name from a Latin word "mediterraneus." It means "in the middle of earth" or "between lands." Mediterranean Sea is in between the two continents, Africa and Europe and this clearly explains how this sea got its name.
c.You can easily recognize the Mediterranean Sea by its deep blue color.
8. Bering Sea: The next place goes to Bering Sea that has an average depth of 1,491 meters.
a.Bering Sea got its name after the Danish explorer Vitus Bering who explored this sea in the year 1728.
b.There are 16 submarine canyons in Bering Sea and the "Zhemchug Canyon" is the largest submarine.
c.Some of the interesting wildlife species of Bering Sea include walrus, steller sea lion, orca, and polar bear. The extinct wildlife species of Bering Sea are Bowhead whale, Blue Whale, Sperm Whale, Humpback Whale, North Pacific Right Whale and Sei Whale.
9. South China Sea: South China Sea takes the next spot with an average depth of 1,463 meters.
a.South China Sea is a part of Pacific Ocean covering an area of 3,500,000 square kilometers.
b.Within South China Sea, nearly 200 islands and reefs have been identified. These are referred to as Spratly Islands. Spratly Islands are those that cover an area between 810 and 900 km. The largest Spratly Island is believed to be Taiping Islands that covers a distance of 1.3 km.
c.Reed Tablemount or the Reed Bank, a seamount in South China Sea is the largest submerged atoll structures of the world.
10. Black Sea: Black Sea claims the tenth position among the top 10 deepest oceans and seas with an average depth of 1,190 meters.
a.Black Sea covers an area of 436,400 square kilometers when Sea of Azov is excluded.
b.Black Sea is the largest meromictic basin in the world. Meromictic basin is one where the deep waters and upper layers of water do not mix.
c.It is believed that Black Sea was a landlocked freshwater lake during the ice age as archeologists were able to find various freshwater snail shells and man-made structures at about 100 m of water.
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